1. Select one of the examples of a presentation of poverty or wealth in Aotearoa New Zealand in Dr. Greg Gilbert’s lecture. Upload an image of this example to your blog. Describe the example and the context in which it was made, then discuss it in relation to one of the key concepts Greg introduced in his lecture, using sources other than Greg to support your ideas. These sources may be ones that Greg references in his lecture (100 words).
The ideology of there being “undeserving” and “deserving” poor people.
Jeffries, Lee. Skid Row. Digital image. Leejeffries. N.p., 2016. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.
As capitalism rises, increasing amounts of New Zealander’s have found themselves on the other side of the poverty line. An ideology where the poor can be split into two categories of “deserving” and “undeserving” emerges. In Lee Jefferies’s, Skid Row we automatically assume the man has done something to be homeless, rather than uncontrollable external factors. Throughout our everyday lives, we see negative marginalised homeless representations, consequently, we do not sympathise with him as much as a child in poverty for example. The homeless man becomes more “deserving” to be poor than the child. According to Oorschot the “deservingness criteria” is dependent on three variable sets, “socioeconomic and demographic characteristics”, “opinions and perceptions”, and “basic values and attitudes” (33).
2. Using Chapters 13 and 14 of Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History, draw up a timeline of significant events in Aotearoa from the end of WW2 (1945) to the year of the ill-dated Sesquicentennial (1990). Your timeline should include at least 20 key moments, with the more noteworthy events highlighted to indicate their importance. Be creative in your approach.
1945 – End of WW2
1945 – Maori Social and Economic Advancement Act
1947- Legislation changed the official use of “native” to “Maori”
1949 – Māori Community Centre established in Auckland
1951 – Maori Womans Welfare League
1953 – Maori Affairs Act
1961 – The Hunn Report was published (analysis of social and economic positions of Maori)
1962 – NZ Maori Council established
1966 – Māori migration peak. 62% of Maori population were living in urban centres
1967 – Maori Affairs Amendment Act
1970 – NZ Maori Council convene Young Maori Leaders Conference at UOA
1970s – Nga Tamatoa pushes to have Te Reo Maori introduced in schools
1970 – Protests at the Official Waitangi Day proceedings.
1972 – Maori Language Day declared (14 September 1972)
1975 – Treaty of Waitangi Act
1975 – Maori land march
1977 – Waitangi Tribunal convened
1978 – Takaparawhā Bastion Point Occupation ends after 17 months (began after Maori land march as well as the Raglan Golf Course Occupation)
1979 – He Taua Group confronts UOA students for practising a mock Haka
1980 – Maori and Pasifika community rallies against unemployment rates with TEP (Temporary Employment Programme (1970)) and MACCESS (Maori Access).
1980 – Raglan Golf Course Occupation land reinvested to Tainui Awhiro
1980 – NZ’s economy declines further, leaves Maori’s disproportionally affected. Many were many redundant. 700 Maori lost their jobs in the shut down of South Auckland’s Freezer works
1992 – Maori unemployment high of 25.4%. Maori welfare dependancy rises
1981 – Springbok ruby tour of NZ
1983 – Te Whānua O Waipareira Trust (health fund)
1985 – Te Roopu Rawakore O Aotearoa; The National Unemployed and Beneficiaries movement
1986 – Labour’s Puaop-Te-Ata-Tu Policy. This policy seeks to develop Social Welfare in New Zealand, aims to tackle racism and created a more united nation
1990 – 150th Anniversary of Te Tiriti O Waitangi signing
Oorschot, Wim Van. “Who Should Get What, and Why? On Deservingness Criteria and the Conditionality of Solidarity among the Public.” Policy & Politics. 1st ed. Vol. 28. N.p.: Policy, n.d. 33-48. Print.
Harris, Atholl Anderson, Judith Binney and Aroha. “Chapter 13 – Māori Affairs 1945 – 1970.” Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History. New Zealand: Bridget Williams, 2012. 382-450. Print.