237.131 – WEEK 8

1. Select one of the examples of a presentation of poverty or wealth in Aotearoa New Zealand in Dr. Greg Gilbert’s lecture. Upload an image of this example to your blog. Describe the example and the context in which it was made, then discuss it in relation to one of the key concepts Greg introduced in his lecture, using sources other than Greg to support your ideas. These sources may be ones that Greg references in his lecture (100 words).

The ideology of there being “undeserving” and “deserving” poor people.

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Jeffries, Lee. Skid Row. Digital image. Leejeffries. N.p., 2016. Web. 10 Oct. 2016.

As capitalism rises, increasing amounts of New Zealander’s have found themselves on the other side of the poverty line. An ideology where the poor can be split into two categories  of “deserving” and “undeserving” emerges. In Lee Jefferies’s, Skid Row we automatically assume the man has done something to be homeless, rather than uncontrollable external factors. Throughout our everyday lives, we see negative marginalised homeless representations, consequently, we do not sympathise with him as much as a child in poverty for example. The homeless man becomes more “deserving” to be poor than the child. According to Oorschot the “deservingness criteria” is dependent on three variable sets, “socioeconomic and demographic characteristics”, “opinions and perceptions”, and “basic values and attitudes” (33).

2. Using Chapters 13 and 14 of Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History, draw up a timeline of significant events in Aotearoa from the end of WW2 (1945) to the year of the ill-dated Sesquicentennial (1990). Your timeline should include at least 20 key moments, with the more noteworthy events highlighted to indicate their importance. Be creative in your approach.

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1945 – End of WW2

1945 – Maori Social and Economic Advancement Act

1947- Legislation changed the official use of “native” to “Maori”

1949 – Māori Community Centre established in Auckland

1951 – Maori Womans Welfare League

1953 – Maori Affairs Act

1961 – The Hunn Report was published (analysis of social and economic positions of Maori)

1962 – NZ Maori Council established

1966 – Māori migration peak. 62% of Maori population were living in urban centres

1967 – Maori Affairs Amendment Act

1970 – NZ Maori Council convene Young Maori Leaders Conference at UOA

1970s – Nga Tamatoa pushes to have Te Reo Maori introduced in schools

1970 – Protests at the Official Waitangi Day proceedings.

1972 – Maori Language Day declared (14 September 1972)

1975 – Treaty of Waitangi Act

1975 – Maori land march

1977 – Waitangi Tribunal convened

1978 – Takaparawhā Bastion Point Occupation ends after 17 months (began after Maori land march as well as the Raglan Golf Course Occupation)

1979 – He Taua Group confronts UOA students for practising a mock Haka

1980 – Maori and Pasifika community rallies against unemployment rates with TEP (Temporary Employment Programme (1970)) and MACCESS (Maori Access).

1980 – Raglan Golf Course Occupation land reinvested to Tainui Awhiro

1980 – NZ’s economy declines further, leaves Maori’s disproportionally affected. Many were many redundant. 700 Maori lost their jobs in the shut down of South Auckland’s Freezer works

1992 – Maori unemployment high of 25.4%. Maori welfare dependancy rises

1981 – Springbok ruby tour of NZ

1983 – Te Whānua O Waipareira Trust (health fund)

1985 – Te Roopu Rawakore O Aotearoa; The National Unemployed and Beneficiaries movement

1986 – Labour’s Puaop-Te-Ata-Tu Policy. This policy seeks to develop Social Welfare in New Zealand, aims to tackle racism and created a more united nation

1990 – 150th Anniversary of Te Tiriti O Waitangi signing

Works cited

Oorschot, Wim Van. “Who Should Get What, and Why? On Deservingness Criteria and the Conditionality of Solidarity among the Public.” Policy & Politics. 1st ed. Vol. 28. N.p.: Policy, n.d. 33-48. Print.

Harris, Atholl Anderson, Judith Binney and Aroha. “Chapter 13 – Māori Affairs 1945 – 1970.” Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History. New Zealand: Bridget Williams, 2012. 382-450. Print.

237.131 – WEEK 8

237.131 – WEEK 7

1. Identify one key point and/or theme from the Week 7 lecture. Find an academic source for that key point/theme. Paraphrase the academic source text relating to the key point/theme. Remember to accurately reference the source using the MLA style (50 words).

Societal racism parallels between NZ and U.S.

As the economic recession settled in so did institutional racism towards Pacific Islanders, parallels between America and Aotearoa became apparent. Racism became common and appropriate, especially in the media. Victimised pacific Islanders felt the need to form an alliance, much like the American Black Panthers movement that fought societal racism. Motivated by the African-American Civil Rights Movements, the Polynesian Panthers Movement sought equality and “revolutionary intercommunalism” according to Robbie Shilliam in “The Polynesian Panthers and the Black Power Gang: Surviving Racism and Colonialism in Aotearoa New Zealand” (2).

2. Using examples in“All Power to the People” by Melani Anae (2012), describe one of the art/design/creative responses to the socio-political situation that confronted Pacific Islanders in Aotearoa in the late 20th century (50 – 75 words).

gallery.php.jpegPopohardwear LTD. Digital image. Popo Hardwear. N.p., n.d. Web.

Popohardwear is the brainchild of artist David Siliga, it confronts Pacific Islander’s social-political situation in Aotearoa in our current contemporary culture. Siliga’s unfiltered and raw social commentary is illustrated through t-shirts. By turning put-downs into humorous slogans of pride and identity, Silgia breaks the barriers of perceived societal cliches and empowers Pacific Islanders. In an attempt to eradicate racism, Popohardwear addresses pacific heritage within Aotearoa through t-shirts and in turn raises awareness.

“POPO is an abbreviation for People Of the Pacific Ocean”, HARD is the badge of resilience and WEAR is the package that contains the product which is who WE-AR(E)” – Popohardwear

3. Write a synopsis of the documentary ‘DawnRaids’ (Fepulea’i, D. 2005) (50 – 75 words).

The post-war economic boom (1960-1970) created a shortage of labour throughout New Zealand. Migrants were encouraged to come and work. As jobs were plentiful, the immigration law was waived, many migrants stayed on illegally with visitor permits. As the economy plummeted in 1974, Pacific Islanders were targeted as “scapegoats”. A campaign to return all unlawful migrants conceived the Dawn Raids and triggered institutional racism. In Particular, Pacific Islanders in Auckland were targeted and victimised. Movements such as the Polynesian Panthers arose from the injustice.

Works cited

Shilliam, Robbie. “The Polynesian Panthers and the Black Power Gang: Surviving Racism and Colonialism in Aotearoa New Zealand.” Black Power beyond Borders. Vol. Part II. N.p.: Palgrave Macmillan US, n.d. 107-26. Print. Contemporary Black History.

Anae, M. (2012). All Power to the People – Overstayers, Dawn Raids and the Polynesian Panthers. In Mallon, S., Māhina Tuai, K., and Salesa, D. (Eds). Tanager O le Moana. Wellington, New Zealand: Te Papa Press.

Siliga, David. “About Us – Popohardwear.” Popohardwear. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2016.

Fepulea’i, D. “Dawn Raids.” Online Documentry. NZ On Screen, New Zealand’s Screen Culture Showcase. Isola Productions, 2005. Web. 21 Sep 2016.

237.131 – WEEK 7