237.131 – WEEK 7

1. Identify one key point and/or theme from the Week 7 lecture. Find an academic source for that key point/theme. Paraphrase the academic source text relating to the key point/theme. Remember to accurately reference the source using the MLA style (50 words).

Societal racism parallels between NZ and U.S.

As the economic recession settled in so did institutional racism towards Pacific Islanders, parallels between America and Aotearoa became apparent. Racism became common and appropriate, especially in the media. Victimised pacific Islanders felt the need to form an alliance, much like the American Black Panthers movement that fought societal racism. Motivated by the African-American Civil Rights Movements, the Polynesian Panthers Movement sought equality and “revolutionary intercommunalism” according to Robbie Shilliam in “The Polynesian Panthers and the Black Power Gang: Surviving Racism and Colonialism in Aotearoa New Zealand” (2).

2. Using examples in“All Power to the People” by Melani Anae (2012), describe one of the art/design/creative responses to the socio-political situation that confronted Pacific Islanders in Aotearoa in the late 20th century (50 – 75 words).

gallery.php.jpegPopohardwear LTD. Digital image. Popo Hardwear. N.p., n.d. Web.

Popohardwear is the brainchild of artist David Siliga, it confronts Pacific Islander’s social-political situation in Aotearoa in our current contemporary culture. Siliga’s unfiltered and raw social commentary is illustrated through t-shirts. By turning put-downs into humorous slogans of pride and identity, Silgia breaks the barriers of perceived societal cliches and empowers Pacific Islanders. In an attempt to eradicate racism, Popohardwear addresses pacific heritage within Aotearoa through t-shirts and in turn raises awareness.

“POPO is an abbreviation for People Of the Pacific Ocean”, HARD is the badge of resilience and WEAR is the package that contains the product which is who WE-AR(E)” – Popohardwear

3. Write a synopsis of the documentary ‘DawnRaids’ (Fepulea’i, D. 2005) (50 – 75 words).

The post-war economic boom (1960-1970) created a shortage of labour throughout New Zealand. Migrants were encouraged to come and work. As jobs were plentiful, the immigration law was waived, many migrants stayed on illegally with visitor permits. As the economy plummeted in 1974, Pacific Islanders were targeted as “scapegoats”. A campaign to return all unlawful migrants conceived the Dawn Raids and triggered institutional racism. In Particular, Pacific Islanders in Auckland were targeted and victimised. Movements such as the Polynesian Panthers arose from the injustice.

Works cited

Shilliam, Robbie. “The Polynesian Panthers and the Black Power Gang: Surviving Racism and Colonialism in Aotearoa New Zealand.” Black Power beyond Borders. Vol. Part II. N.p.: Palgrave Macmillan US, n.d. 107-26. Print. Contemporary Black History.

Anae, M. (2012). All Power to the People – Overstayers, Dawn Raids and the Polynesian Panthers. In Mallon, S., Māhina Tuai, K., and Salesa, D. (Eds). Tanager O le Moana. Wellington, New Zealand: Te Papa Press.

Siliga, David. “About Us – Popohardwear.” Popohardwear. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2016.

Fepulea’i, D. “Dawn Raids.” Online Documentry. NZ On Screen, New Zealand’s Screen Culture Showcase. Isola Productions, 2005. Web. 21 Sep 2016.

237.131 – WEEK 7

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