237.130_A3_W11_WORK BOOK PART 9

Familiarisation and definition of terms.

Agency can refer to two things, it can be a business that provides a specific service. Or it can be a government department that oversees a particular activity or area.

Social responsibility directly translates to one’s responsibility to the environment and community, to act in the best interests of those around them. Social responsibility also ties in with ethics and sensitivity toward social, cultural, economic and environmental issues.

Transformative practices refer to undertaking activities and pursuits which develop and improve something e.g. yourself, the community. This can be related to transformative learning which leads to perspective transformation. This includes psychological (understanding of the self), convictional (belief systems), and behavioral (lifestyle) changes. This requires critical analysis of interpretations to then reinterpret their experience to make sense through a different process, eventually grasping an unforeseen perspective.

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237.130_A3_W11_WORK BOOK PART 9

237.130_A3_W10_Work book part 6

Familiarisation and definition of terms.

Citizenship refers to the process of becoming a citizen. A citizen must actively participate in society. Gaining citizenship requires a sound understanding and engagement with the main pillars of the countries governing system eg. democracy. As well as the politics, economy and local law.

A change agent is someone within or outside an organisation which helps it undergo  transformations, usually to improve the organisation. A change agent has duties which focus on organisational effectiveness, improvement, and development. Often these agents focus on the people and their interactions within the organisation’s environment. Strong relationships are often needed as well as a clear vision. Trustworthiness, patience, and persistence are vital to being a change agent.

Cultural critics literally are critics of culture. They seek to understand the social, political, historical, and artistic contexts in which a given text was written. As well as the conditions in which the text was distributed under.

Protest; actively react to something/someone in disagreement. Often related to politics. Protests can range from one person to many hundreds.

Resistance is the refusal to accept something or someone. Usually occurs when there is disapproval among the people.

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237.130_A3_W10_Work book part 6

237.130_A3_W9_Work book part 1


Visual activism 

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Visual thinking is the engagement in visual culture. It simply cannot be studied but must be experienced and directly cultivated. Visual thinking builds the foundations of change.

Oligarchies refer to a form of power structure reliant on a small number of people. These people may be distinguished individuals, eg. by royalty, wealth, family, education, corporate, religious or military. This power does not necessarily need to be inherited.

Artocracy Mirzoeff refers to it as the ruling and control of all art (261).

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237.130_A3_W9_Work book part 1

237.130_A2_W6_TASK 2_GLOSSARY


A system of shared beliefs and attitudes that occur in all societies despite cultural and religious differences. Ideologies essentially are theories about social ideals that intersect and vary throughout populations, they can be subtle or extreme. Ideologies often are expressed and projected through images. They inform and influence, helping us decipher the world.

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237.130_A2_W6_TASK 2_GLOSSARY

237.130_A2_W4_Task 3G_Glossary

Self portrait

The self-portrait is essentially an expressive picture that portrays the artist. Traditionally painted, it’s associated with power, wealth, and class. Understanding the context of the self-portrait is key, often the subject matter is a reflection of character and identity. The contemporary “selfie” is associated to the classic self-portrait.


Postmodernism is the departure from modernism, it opposes the “new”. Previous artistic styles and conventions are used in the creation of collage-like art, it merges subject with object, the self, and other creating cultural hybrids. During this era “the artist was no longer a hero” Mirzoeff 49, art had no guidelines nor requirements.

“female masculinity”

Female masculinity directly translates to masculinity without men. Mirzoeff refers to the diverse gender spectrum in relation to how gender is determined by visual appearance rather than genetics. Halberstam claims some women identify with it as a “cultural meaning of their bodies” 1998, Mirzoeff 59.

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237.130_A2_W4_Task 3G_Glossary

237.130_A1_W3_Task 3_Revised Glossary

Context (revised definition)

Who? What? Where? When? Why? Context is the surroundings of the object, person, or place, it helps us understand visual text by making connections to the world and us, the audience. Context refers to the reason and goals behind the creation. There is no wrong and right with context, as it is always changing with the world, context is based on our own understanding of the world and the personal experiences we have been through, thus meaning each person will interpret and react in unique ways.

Context in Ruszkiewicz, et al. “Reading Texts”. Beyond Words: Cultural Texts for Reading and Writing. 3rd ed. Boston: Pearson, c2012. 32-34. Print. 21.03.2016


This refers to the placement and arrangements of words in a sentence.

Glossaries and Language in Annals, Alison, Abby Cunnane, and Sam Cunnane. “Working with Images and Ideas”. Saying What You See: How to Write and Talk about Art. North Shore. NZ.: Pearson Ed. N.Z., 2009. Print. 32. 21/03/2016

237.130_A1_W3_Task 3_Revised Glossary

237.130_A1_Week 2_Task 1_Glossary

Visual text; Naming

Word/s that identify things, whether it be a person, an object, or a place. E.g. The little card next a piece of art in the gallery, not only has the name of the artist but the title (name) of the piece as well.

Visual text; Describing

The use of words to convey the visual appearance of something. The word choice is often decided by the audience, as descriptions require a very delicate balance of interests. Social and cultural connections also help decide what manner of descriptive response is appropriate.


Identifying a person, object or place in a particular period of time and place. This often helps to build a sound understanding which contributes to a higher level of appreciation.

Worldview in relation to the audience; Visual Culture

The relationship between the visible and the invisible side of the world builds a visual culture, literally translated, a culture of the visual world. As the audience can only assemble a world view which is consistent with what we understand and experienced, thus leaving out the hidden side of culture.

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237.130_A1_Week 2_Task 1_Glossary